Tuesday, August 29, 2006
300 years Sampoorantaa Diwas
Following is a well writing summary to marks 300 years since completed the compliation of Dhan Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Jee Satguru and Gurmat institution of Damdami Taksaal.
By Bhai Manvir Singh Khalsa
300 years Sampoorantaa Diwas!
On 30th August the Sikh Calendar (Nanakshahi Calendar) marks 300 years since Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee COMPLETED the compilation of SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB JEE on the land of SRI DAMDAMA SAHIB, Bathinda. This also marks 300 years of the Gurmat institution of Damdami Taksaal.
SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB JEE (DAMDAMI BIR)
Aad Granth Sahib (also known as 'Pothi Sahib')
Gurbaani is REAL, i.e. it is REALITY not philosophy. The SHABAD (Infinite Wisdom) is the Guru. Guru Nanak Sahib jee and the Das Saroop (10 Bodies) interpreted and revealed the Shabad. Guru Arjan Dev Sahib jee, accumulated the Shabad’s revelation from first five Nanaks 15 BHAGATS and 11 BHATTS etc, and recorded it into the PHYSICAL WORD in the form of AAD GRANTH SAHIB JEE (also referred to as 'POTHI SAHIB'), which was earlier form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee. In 1604 the Aad Granth Sahib jee was installed on a high pedestal within Sri Darbaar Sahib.
Aad Granth Sahib jee & Dheer Mal
Pothi Sahib (known today as the Kartarpur Bir) was kept by the Sixth Nanak, GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JEE in his house. From here it was STOLEN by his GRANDSON called DHEER MAL, who intended to use it to further his claims on the succession of the Guruship. Some THIRTY YEARS LATER the Sikhs of the Ninth Nanak, Guru Tegh Bahadur FORCIBLY RECOVERED it, but were instructed by Guru Sahib to RETURN IT. But as the Sikhs were far from the town, they placed it in the shallow river bed of the SATLUJ RIVER. From here Dheer Mal recovered it, miraculously it was UNDAMAGED. The Bir was taken by Dheer Mal and his family to where they lived in Kartarpur, thus the name KARTARPUR BIR ('Bir' meaning 'Volume').
The Damdami Bir
During Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee's Guruship, Dheer Mal even REFUSED to return the Kartarpur Bir over to Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee when Baba Deep Singh jee along with 24 other Singhs went to visit him. Instead Dheer Mal said, "If your Guru is the SAME ROOP (form) as the first and fifth Guru Sahibs, then why doesn't he fashion Gurbaani from MEMORY?"
Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee stayed Talwandi Sabo (known as Sri Damdama Sahib today) for nine months and nine days in 1706 and dictated the ENTIRE Aad Granth Sahib jee with the addition of the Ninth Nanak, GURU TEGH BAHADAR SAHIB JEE's revealed Shabads to BHAI MANI SINGH JEE. Undoubtedly, Guru Sahib got rid of certain unauthorised writings which had crept into some PIRATED COPIES and gave it a FINAL FORM. As this Bir (Volume) was compiled at Sri Damdama Sahib by Guru Gobind Singh jee, this final form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee became known as the 'Damdami Bir'. This Bir was then taken to Sri Hazoor Sahib, NandeR where in 1708 Guru Gobind Singh jee added all human succession to Guruship and left Guruship to the Shabad Guru, the Everlasting Divine Light, Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee and the Guru Khalsa Panth, the physical form of the Guru.
In 1706, Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee placed BABA DEEP SINGH JEE in charge at SRI DAMDAMA SAHIB, while BHAI MANI SINGH JEE was made HEAD GRANTHI of SRI HARMANDAR SAHIB in Amritsar. After Guru Sahib left for Delhi, Baba Deep Singh jee took up the duty of preparing copies of Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee and carried on the seva blessed by Guru Gobind Singh Sahib jee of managing this Sikh Centre. 'TAKSAAL' means a MINTING FACTORY. Sri Damdama Sahib, had become a factory where Sikhs would come to mint and prepare their SHASTARS (weapons), as well as mint their MINDS and enshrine GURBAANI within their hearts through learning the correct meanings, pronunciation, and grammar of reading Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee. As a result this centre of EDUCATION and WEAPONRY was known as "DAMDAMI TAKSAAL".
Jathedaars (Heads) of Damdami Taksaal
The 1st Jathedaar (head) BABA DEEP SINGH JEE, and 2nd Jathedaar BABA GURBAKSH SINGH JEE both were SHAHEEDS (martyrs) defending the SANCTITY of SRI HARMANDAR SAHIB, Amritsar. The 6th Jathedaar, Giani Bhai Sant Singh was the HEAD GRANTHI of Sri Harmandar Sahib and a close aid of MAHARAJA RANJEET SINGH. During the British Raaj Giani BABA SUNDAR SINGH JEE played a considerable role in the Gurdwara Reform Movement, by participating in the peaceful demonstrations.
The 12th Jathedaar, Giani BABA GURBACHAN SINGH JEE KHALSA did the COMPLETE KATHA (discourse) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib jee many times and today we find that a lot of his students are Granthis at Sri Harmandar Sahib and many of them held positions of esteem and were Jathedaars of the Takhat Sahibs (Five Seats of Authority). The 13th Jathedaar, Giani BABA KARTAR SINGH JEE KHALSA started the DHARAM YUDH MORCHA, a movement against the anti-Sikh Nirankari Movement and demanding rights for Panjab and Sikh Nation, which was continued by 14th Jathedaar,Shaheed Giani BABA JARNAIL SINGH JEE KHALSA (which you can read more about here).
DHAN SRI GRANTH SAHIB JEE!
Sariaa Nu Gurpurb dee Lakh Lakh Vadhaayee Hove!